It is found that the children who maintain high level of Vitamin D during their infancy and childhood period, they are considered at a lower risk of getting affected with Type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease that is mounting by 3 to 5% annually globally. The disease takes place when the body’s immune system wipes out its pancreatic cells and produces no insulin in the pancreas. Islet autoimmunity spotted by antibodies which come into view when the body’s immune system attacks the islet cells in the pancreas is a forerunner to Type 1 diabetes. According to researchers, Vitamin D regulates the immune system and autoimmunity which is a key protective factor against Type 1 diabetes.
Jill Norris, an author from the Colorado University stated that for many years there has been a huge controversy over Vitamin D among scientists that whether it lowers the risk of growing islet autoimmunity and Type 1 diabetes. Following the study printed in the journal Diabetes, the researchers looked for triggers and defensive factors in 8,676 children with aloft Type 1 diabetes risk.
The researchers found islet autoimmunity in 376 children and then they compared them to rest 1,041 children who didn’t have islet autoimmunity signs. It was revealed that children who were at high genetic risk for Type 1 diabetes are the children who had low levels of Vitamin D in their infancy and childhood period went on to develop islet autoimmunity compared with those who didn’t.
The study unveiled that higher vitamin D levels in childhood are notably linked with a reduced risk of islet autoimmunity.