29th October is observed as the World Stroke Day and in the year 2017 the theme for the same is ‘what is your reason for preventing a stroke?’
a stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is cut off which causes the death of brain and nerve cells. How severe the stroke is, depends on which part of the brain is devoid of and for how long the blood supply has been cut off. Every year 6.5 million people die due to strokes but there are also 26 million survivors of strokes which indicates that stroke patients can be helped if given proper medical care within a certain period of time. Usually if the patient is admitted to proper medical care within the Golden Hour, the damage is minimal and the patient can resume their daily work after the medical surveillance is over. Strokes can affect a person’s ability to move, talk, feel, analyze, his ability to think and communicate with the world and even hear.
Stroke being one of the leading cause of disability and death in the world, people need to know the time frame within which a severe damage from stroke can be prevented. The time frame within which a severe damage from stroke can be prevented is known as the Golden Hour of stroke. This is usually within the first 4.5 hours of the occurrence of stroke. A stroke patient should be under critical medical care as soon as possible and the clot dissolving medication which is administered can work effectively within the 1st 4.5 hours of the occurrence of stroke. Experts are of the opinion that for every minute of unrestored blood flow, the body may lose as many as two million nerve cells which may leave the patient a vegetable. Hence the patient should be rushed to critical medical care as soon as possible. But usually, if the patient is brought in after the Golden Hour of stroke, there is only little that the medical personnel can do to help the patient.